National Board for Respiratory Care Certified-Registered Respiratory Therapist Exam
Respiratory therapy is a critical healthcare profession that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of patients with breathing and cardiopulmonary disorders. Respiratory therapists work in various healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, home healthcare agencies, and long-term care facilities. To ensure that respiratory therapists possess the necessary skills and knowledge to provide quality patient care, the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) offers certification and registration programs for respiratory therapists, including the Certified Respiratory Therapist (CRT) and Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT) credentials.
The educational requirements for CRT and RRT certification include completing a respiratory therapy program that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC). The respiratory therapy program typically takes 2-4 years to complete and includes courses in human anatomy and physiology, cardiopulmonary pharmacology, mechanical ventilation, and patient assessment.
In addition to completing an accredited respiratory therapy program, candidates must also complete a clinical rotation that provides hands-on experience in treating patients with respiratory disorders. The clinical rotation typically requires a minimum of 480 hours of patient care experience. After completing the educational and clinical requirements, candidates can apply for CRT or RRT certification through the NBRC. The application process involves submitting transcripts and proof of clinical experience, as well as paying the required fees.
CRT-RRT Exam Format and Topics
The NBRC offers two credentialing examinations for respiratory therapists: the CRT exam and the RRT exam. The CRT exam is the entry-level exam for respiratory therapists, while the RRT exam is the advanced level exam for therapists who have already passed the CRT exam. Both exams are computer-based and include multiple-choice questions. The CRT exam consists of 160 multiple-choice questions that cover topics such as patient assessment, oxygen therapy, and mechanical ventilation. The exam is divided into two sections: clinical simulation and written multiple-choice. The clinical simulation section includes 22-24 scenarios, each with a patient case and a series of questions to answer. The written multiple-choice section includes 110-120 questions.
The RRT exam consists of 160 multiple-choice questions that cover topics such as advanced patient assessment, critical care medicine, and pulmonary diagnostics. The exam is divided into two sections: clinical simulation and written multiple-choice. The clinical simulation section includes 20-22 scenarios, each with a patient case and a series of questions to answer. The written multiple-choice section includes 115-125 questions. Both exams have a time limit of 3.5 hours. Candidates must achieve a passing score to earn their CRT or RRT credential.
Respiratory therapists play a vital role in the healthcare industry by providing care to patients with respiratory and cardiopulmonary disorders. To ensure that respiratory therapists possess the necessary skills and knowledge to provide quality patient care, the NBRC offers certification and registration programs for respiratory therapists. The CRT and RRT credentials are recognized as the standard of excellence in respiratory therapy and are highly valued by employers in the healthcare industry.